The Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter, nicknamed Danuri – meaning 'enjoy the moon' – was fired into abstraction atop a Falcon 9 booster.
In a milestone infinitesimal that sets the signifier for Seoul's much ambitious satellite efforts down the road, the orbiter lifted disconnected from Florida's Cape Canaveral US Space Force Station astatine 19:08 ET connected Thursday (00:08 BST connected Friday).
South Korea is yet aiming to onshore a probe connected the satellite by 2030, and joins a big of different countries readying caller missions to the lunar surface, including the US, Russia and China.
The $180 cardinal (£148 million) Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO) volition participate the moon's orbit successful December earlier starting a year-long reflection mission.
Lift off: South Korea has embarked connected its archetypal ever satellite ngo aft the country's maiden lunar orbiter was blasted into orbit connected a SpaceX rocket
The Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter, nicknamed Danuri – meaning 'enjoy the moon' – was fired into abstraction atop a Falcon 9 booster
HOW SOUTH KOREA HAS ENTERED THE NEW SPACE RACE
Until a small implicit 2 months ago, South Korea had relied connected different countries to transportation its satellites, with astir rocket launches being carried retired by the US, Russia, China, Japan, France and India.
That changed with the palmy motorboat of its three-stage Nuri rocket connected June 21.
This delivered a 357lb working satellite into orbit 435 miles supra Earth.
The rocket besides fired a 1.3-tonne dummy outer and 4 tiny cube satellites developed by universities for probe into space.
It brought the state person to its imagination of becoming a caller subordinate successful the abstraction industry, having been precocious to participate the contention due to the fact that of a Cold War-era statement with the US which prohibited it processing a abstraction programme.
This volition see searching for a landing site, investigating abstraction net technology, and sniffing retired uncommon elements connected the moon, South Korea's subject ministry said.
If it succeeds, the federation would go the world's seventh lunar explorer and the 4th successful Asia, down China, Japan and India.
KPLO's lunar accomplishment volition travel astir a period aft NASA's tiny CAPSTONE probe, which launched successful precocious June and is besides taking a circuitous way to Earth's lone earthy satellite.
South Korea's 1,495 lb (678 kg) orbiter separated from the SpaceX rocket astir 40 minutes aft motorboat and aboriginal began communicating with a crushed station.
'Analysis of the received accusation confirmed ... Danuri was operating normally,' Vice Science Minister Oh Tae-seog told a briefing, announcing that the orbiter had established a trajectory towards the moon.
The spacecraft has six subject instruments, 5 of them homegrown and one, called ShadowCam, provided by NASA.
This will hunt for h2o crystal successful permanently shadowed lunar craters.
Measurements from a magnetometer connected the orbiter could besides assistance scientists amended recognize the moon's remnant magnetic field.
Both developments bring the state person to its imagination of becoming a caller subordinate successful the abstraction industry, having been precocious to participate the contention due to the fact that of a Cold War-era statement with the US which prohibited it processing a abstraction programme.
The $180 cardinal (£148 million) Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (pictured) volition participate the moon's orbit successful December earlier starting a year-long reflection mission
The three-stage Nuri rocket, built by the government's Korea Aerospace Research Institute together with hundreds of section companies, blasted off from the Naro Space Center successful Goheung, about 310 miles (500km) southbound of Seoul.
Space launches person agelong been a delicate contented connected the Korean peninsula, wherever North Korea faces planetary sanctions implicit its nuclear-armed ballistic rocket programme.
In March, North Korea's person Kim Jong Un called for expanding its abstraction rocket motorboat tract to beforehand its abstraction ambitions, aft South Korea and the US accused it of investigating a caller intercontinental ballistic rocket nether the guise of launching a abstraction vehicle.
South Korea says its abstraction programme is for peaceful and technological purposes and immoderate subject usage of the technology, specified arsenic successful spy satellites, is for its defence.
In June, South Korea successfully launched its archetypal satellites into orbit successful what was besides seen arsenic a historical measurement successful its abstraction programme (pictured)